Member XML Format¶
ExpressionEngine utilizes a special XML format for member data.
<members> <member> <username>brettb</username> <screen_name>Brett Bretterson</screen_name> <password type="md5">653132ffd94b986bf2bb806b3c67d190</password> <email>firstname.lastname@example.org</email> </member> <member> <username>robr</username> <screen_name>Robert Robertson</screen_name> <password type="sha1">1b4395b877794a16a7f4db5747380dbaafc7ff18</password> <email>email@example.com</email> </member> </members>
The XML tags are identical to their database field counterparts from the exp_members table. All fields are allowed except for “unique_id”.
The <member_id> tag will cause the import utility to overwrite any existing members with the same ID. It is generally recommended that you do not use a <member_id> tag, so when transferring users from one system to another, ExpressionEngine can automatically create new unique IDs for each member without overwriting any existing members.
The <password> tag has a special attribute, type. This allows you to provide contextual information for the password.
“text” type passwords are plain text, unencrypted passwords. When importing members from an XML file, ExpressionEngine will automatically encrypt “text” type passwords for you before inserting them into the database. This allows you to keep existing passwords when importing member data from a third party application that does not store encrypted passwords.
“md5” passwords are those that have been encrypted with an RSA Data Security, Inc. MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm (md5) hash. [RFC 1321]
“sha1” passwords are those that have been encrypted with a US Secure Hash Algorithm 1 (sha1) hash. [RFC 3174]
If you import encrypted passwords of one type and your ExpressionEngine installation was configured with a different type of encryption, the passwords will not work, and users will need to use the “Forgot Password” link to log in.
The <birthday> tag is an exception to tag and database field name matching. While you can use <bday_d>, <bday_m>, and <bday_y>, the <birthday> tag and its children were created to allow for a more semantic member XML file. The <birthday> tag contains no value itself, but rather has three child elements.
The two digit month of the member’s birthday. Example: 02
The two digit day of the month of the member’s birthday. Example: 19
The four digit year of the member’s birthday. Example: 1977
For the above examples, a birthday element of a member XML file would look like:
<birthday> <month>02</month> <day>19</day> <year>1977</year> </birthday>
The example above would be equivalent to:
<bday_m>02</bday_m> <bday_d>19</bday_d> <bday_y>1977</bday_y>